A #pitchclock would make #baseball games more like they used to be – quicker. Look at how drastically the length of 9-inning games has changed from today to, say, the 1930’s. Below is game duration from random dates in July of 2017, compared to game duration in July of 1937.

July 17, 2017              game duration
Yankees/Twins                   3:02
Cubs/Braves                        3:17
Tigers/Royals                      3:29
Rangers/Orioles                2:55
Blue Jays/Red Sox            3:18
Nationals/Reds                  2:58
Padres/Rockies                  3:23
Cardinals/Mets                  3:20
Brewers/Pirates                3:15
Rays/A’s                                  2:48
Indians/Giants                    2:33
   Average  3:08

Seven of 11 games took more than 3 hours. None took less than 2.

July 17, 1937                  game duration
Reds/(Bees) Braves            1:49
Red Sox/White Sox             1:38
Yankees/Indians                   2:26
Senators/Tigers                    1:55
Pirates/Phillies                      2:25
A’s/Browns                               1:50
(There were fewer teams in 1937 so some games from July 18 are compared)
Cubs/Dodgers                        2:15
Reds/Bees (Braves)             1:35
Red Sox/White Sox              1:45
Yankees/Indians                    2:45
Cardinals/Giants                   2:18
    Average 2:04

As you can see, none of the 1937 games took more than 3 hours. Most of them took under 2.

There are many reasons for longer games. Commercial breaks between innings are longer today – there was no TV in 1937. There are more pitching changes. Pitchers and hitters taking their sweet time between pitches must be a major culprit.

But a 20 second #pitchclock is too long. And the myriad ways a pitcher, catcher or hitter can stop or pause the clock – under the proposed rule changes – defeat the purpose. It should start when the pitcher has control of the ball. He must be into his throwing motion before the clock reaches 20 seconds. Only the umpire can stop the clock.


Below is the timing of a random at-bat in a game between the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and the Oakland A’s August 24, 2014. A’s pitcher Fernando Abad was pitching to the Angels’ Paul Calhoun leading off the top of 8th. There were no outs. No one was on base. The Angels up 9 to 3.

Pitch Count before pitch Result
1 0-0 Strike
 21 seconds before next pitch
2 0-1 Check swing strike
 25 seconds before next pitch
3 0-2 Foul
 27 seconds before next pitch
4 1-2 Ball
 25 seconds before next pitch
5 1-2 Foul
 35 seconds before next pitch
6 1-2 Foul
 50 seconds before next pitch
7 1-2 Foul
 34 seconds before next pitch
8 1-2 Ball
 32 seconds before next pitch
9 2-2 Foul
 60 seconds before next pitch
10 2-2 Strikeout swinging

When you calculate the total time of the at-bat (about 5½ minutes) and add up the time between pitches, the shocking result is, for 94% of that at-bat nothing happened – no pitch, no swing, no ball in play, no hit-batsman, nothing! A #pitchclock would have shaved a couple minutes or more off that at-bat.


[Original commentary published April 10. 2017]

The problem is not the length of games.
The problem is the length of time between pitches.

Baseball is a great game. Its action is unsurpassed. Unfortunately, you don’t know when it’s going to occur. Consider this; no one on base, a 10-pitch at-bat ends in a strike-out. The ball is not put in play. Few fans would consider that “action.” The at-bat takes 5 minutes. That’s a long time with no action.

On the other hand, fans know action is seconds away in football because there’s a play-clock, and basketball because there’s a shot-clock. Hockey and soccer are non-stop action. Even tournament golf attracts a decent television audience because someone is always hitting a ball.

Not only do baseball fans not know when the “action” will occur, too often, whatever momentum the game generates comes to a grinding halt as the batter steps out of the box, and the pitcher walks around the mound. Twenty seconds, 30 seconds, sometimes a minute goes by before the next pitch. The problem is not the length of games. The problem is the length of time between pitches when nothing is happening. It’s boring.

Too many fans see the game as a deliberate, methodical chess match between the pitcher and the batter. There are at least 10 and often as many as 13 players (depending on how many runners are on base) involved in every pitch, but the game is disproportionately dominated by two of them. Without a doubt, the pitcher-batter confrontation is one of the compelling attractions of baseball. But downtime between pitches, left unchecked, is a drag on a great sport.

It’s time for a pitch-clock

At-bats, innings and games themselves will remain timeless, but as Commissioner Rob Manfred has hinted, it’s time for a pitch-clock.  Twenty seconds is too long. Look at your watch. Don’t move or speak for 20 seconds. That is a lot of downtime. Most pitches are thrown within 20 seconds now. A 20-second pitch-clock won’t improve the pace of the game in fact or in theory. Fifteen seconds is plenty of time – enforce a pace more in line with Mark Buehrle and less like Jonathan Papelbon.

Traditionalists say, ‘Baseball is America’s pastime, if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.’ Baseball was America’s pastime when it had no competition. That hasn’t been the case for decades. Now all the seasons overlap. In the spring, Major League Baseball plays 2nd, 3rd, 4th fiddle to NCAA March Madness and NBA and NHL playoffs. As pennant races heat up in August and September baseball faces stiff competition from college and pro football.

It’s a myth that baseball doesn’t change. Besides the designated hitter (DH), raising and lowering the pitcher’s mound and adjusting the strike zone, there was a time when:

  • the batter instructed the pitcher where to throw the ball
  • it took 9 balls for a walk, then 8, then 6 before settling on 4
  • a fair ball that reached the stands on one bounce was a home run
  • a batted ball that curved foul was a strike no matter how far it went beyond the playing field

Baseball is anything but boring. Sometimes it’s subtle. Sometimes it’s violent. Put the focus on the action, not the inaction. ESPN, Fox and others promote their coverage by showing a double being stretched into a triple, a middle infielder airborne to finish a double-play, a first baseman diving to stop a smash down the line. They don’t promote their coverage by showing a batter tightening his batting gloves for the 6th time in the at-bat.

If something isn’t done to reduce the time between pitches baseball risks becoming irrelevant to all but a dwindling core of obsessed fans. They won’t call a press conference or send out a press release. They will just stop coming. Many already have.

And to those who say the “chess match” between the hitter and the pitcher is great for the game, when is the last time you watched a chess match?

by Bill Grimes, member Society for American Baseball
Research (SABR), publisher,

a STORY from today in baseball history